New, Bizarre Trout Species Discovered in Turkey

Scientists in the Middle East have pinpointed a new, strange look species of trout in southern Turkey. 

According to a release from EurekAlert!, a global science publication website, a group of researchers from Recep Tayyip Erdoğan University, Faculty of Fisheries in Turkey discovered a new trout species. The newly described species Salmo kottelati, belongs to the Salmonidae family, which includes salmons, trouts, chars, graylings and freshwater whitefishes.

The salmonid genus encompasses some 200 species worldwide and is widely distributed in the Black, Aegean and Mediterranean seas. This new species, researches say, is distinguished from the other members of genera by having fewer parr marks along lateral line, and a larger mouth gape and maxilla, which is a part of the fish jaw.

distributionofsalmospeciesinturkey
Distribution of Salmo Species in Turkey

 

The researchers collected samples of the new Salmo kottelati from 200 locations in Turkey between 2004 and 2014 using electric shock. Named for Maurice Kottelat, the newly discovered fish inhabits cold and clear water, with moderate current, and gravel and pebble substrate. Researches say the largest sample they found was only 8 inches long, but other members of the family can reach 6.5 feet in length.

You can read the complete scientific report on Salmo kottelati from ZooKeys, here.

Discoveries of new fish species are not uncommon. With an estimated over 28,000 species on Earth, scientist still haven’t documented all of the creatures living beneath our planet’s waterways.