Following this week’s executive order authorizing the review of U.S. national monuments, Fishing Tackle Retailer reached out to the Department of the Interior for a complete list of monuments currently under scrutiny. The executive order, signed by President Trump on April 26, instructs new Interior Secretary Ryan Zinke to review national monuments of 100,000 acres or more, created after January 1, 1996—some of which serve as recreational fishing grounds (highlighted). Zinke’s review could lead to recommended resizing or modification of the monuments.
The complete list:
- Papahanaumokuakea Marine National Monument — Pacific Ocean
- Marianas Trench National Monument — Pacific Ocean
- Pacific Remote Islands National Marine Monument — Pacific Ocean
- Rose Atoll Marine National Monument — American Samoa
- Northeast Canyons & Seamounts Marine National Monument — Atlantic Ocean/Massachusetts
- Grand Staircase-Escalante National Monument — Utah
- Mojave Trails National Monument — California
- Bears Ears National Monument — Utah
- Grand Canyon-Parashant National Monument — Arizona
- Basin and Range National Monument — Nevada
- Sonoran Desert National Monument — Arizona
- Upper Missouri River Breaks National Monument — Montana
- Berryessa Snow Mountain — California
- Giant Sequoia National Monument — California
- Vermillion Cliffs National Monument — Arizona
- Carrizo Plain National Monument — California
- Hanford Reach National Monument — Washington
- Canyons of the Ancients National Monument — Colorado
- Sand to Snow National Monument— California
- Ironwood Forest National Monument – Arizona
“The view from the Potomac is a lot different than the view from the Yellowstone or the Colorado,” said Zinke. “Too many times, you have people in D.C. who have never been to an area, never grazed the land, fished the river, driven the trails, or looked locals in the eye, who are making the decisions and they have zero accountability to the impacted communities. I’m interested in listening to those folks. That’s what my team and I will be doing in the next few months.”
Recreational Fishing at Monuments
Among the monuments containing fisheries, the 582,000 square mile Papahanaumokuakea is notable for being the largest marine conservation area in the world; however, no recreational or commercial fishing is permitted within its boundaries. The monument is chiefly comprised of deep, coral reefs, and was expanded in 2016 by President Obama.
Montana’s Upper Missouri River Breaks contains a 47-mile backcountry byway along the Missouri River. Fishing is permitted, with walleye, smallmouth bass and pike being common. Created in 2001 by President Clinton, it encompasses part of the route taken by the Lewis & Clark Expedition.
Washington’s Hanford Reach, which encompasses an undamped stretch of the Columbia River, is a popular spot for king, sockeye and chinook salmon. Hanford Reach was created in 2001 by President Clinton from a former security buffer surrounding the primarily decommissioned Hanford Nuclear Reservation.
On the Atlantic coast, recreational fishing is permitted within the Northeast Canyons and Seamounts Marine National Monument, which was designated by President Obama in September of 2016. Only sea anchors are permitted. Commercial fishing is banned, though the American Sportfishing Association says recreational anglers frequently target billfish, tuna and mahi mahi there.
Recreational fishing is permitted in Utah’s Grand Staircase-Escalante. Brown trout and cutthroat trout are popular targets for fly fishermen in the area’s desert streams. The monument borders the Glen Canyon Recreation Area and Lake Powell.
Secretary Zinke was given 120 days to finalize his review.